Found: A Viking Toilet, the Oldest Bathroom in Denmark

The recreation of a Viking settlement in Denmark.

AT A ROUTINE ARCHAEOLOGICAL DIG at a Viking site in Denmark, archaeologists stumbled upon a feature they weren’t expecting: a bathroom.

Middens and other waste pits are common features of archaeological digs. But students of Denmark’s Viking age tend to think that countryside settlements like this one didn’t have dedicated bathrooms for humans. Instead, they believed that people probably used their feces as fertilizer for fields and may have used their barn as a toilet, mixing their own waste with animal waste.

But Anna Beck, a PhD student working with the Museum Southeast Denmark, found a pit with a layer that, after analysis, they determined was human feces. The layer had high concentration of mineralize seeds, pollen, and fly pupae—all signs that this layer had formed from feces. The pollen indicated that it was human waste, since that high of a concentration of pollen would have come from honey, used as human food, not animal food.

Beck also found two postholes, indicating that the toilet was in a stand-alone building. Dating the layer, the archaeologists found it was about 1,000 years old, which would make this the oldest known bathroom in Denmark.

As Ars Technica writes, though, there’s controversy around this find. Not everyone believes the evidence adds up definitely to a toilet, and the director of another Danish museum argues that the first countryside toilets didn’t appear until the 1800s, according to other sources.


North Texas lawmakers will introduce two bathroom bills in special session

The Texas bathroom bill has been arguably the most controversial bill introduced during Texas' 2017 Legislative Session, drawing reaction from protesters, politicians, business leaders and celebrities.  Keep going to see what you need to know about previous versions of the proposed law.  Photo: Sara D. Davis, Stringer / 2016 Getty Images

AUSTIN — After a brief respite, the bathroom wars are heating up again.

Rep. Ron Simmons, R-Carrollton, is expected to introduce two bills in the upcoming special session of the Texas Legislature that would regulate which public bathrooms transgender Texans, including schoolchildren, can use.

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The first bill, which will closely resemble his bill that failed during the regular session, will be a broad attempt to prohibit cities, counties and public school districts from enforcing non-discrimination ordinances involving multi-occupancy restrooms or locker rooms.

It is expected to allow exceptions for people already protected under state and federal anti-discrimination laws, which do not include sexual orientation or gender identity.

Simmons’ bill would effectively invalidate local nondiscrimination ordinances that allow transgender people to use public restrooms that match their gender identity, as well as school district policies that make accommodations for transgender students.

The path for Texas to enact its version of a North Carolina-style bathroom bill is poised to get far tougher as the Republican-controlled state House closes in on a key midnight Thursday deadline to approve legislation.

Media: WochIt Media

That proposal, House Bill 2899, had 79 co-sponsors, all Republicans, before lawmakers left Austin in late May. A bill needs to win a simple majority, or 76 votes, on the House floor to pass.

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A second proposal Simmons plans to introduce would apply only to public school districts.

Simmons’s intentions were first reported by The Dallas Morning News, and he did not respond to the Houston Chronicle’s request for comment.

This month, Gov. Greg Abbott announced a special session to begin July 18, calling lawmakers back to Austin for at least one month to tackle 20 items he said were not addressed to his satisfaction during the 140-day regular legislative session, which ended in May. Reauthorizing the Texas Medical Board and a handful of other agencies, which could close if lawmakers do not approve their continuation, topped Abbott’s list.

He also listed “privacy” as one of the topics, saying that “at a minimum” he wants a bill that applies to the use of bathrooms and locker rooms in public schools. In the regular session, Abbott praised Simmons’ bill


Your Bathroom at Christmas

A minimalistic bathroom means minimal cleaning.

Most people have guests stopping over for a few nights around the festive period. Whether you have an en-suite or a main bathroom, if you have been thinking of updating it for a while now, it is probably overdue an update before your guests arrive. Sometimes a good clean, a lick of paint and colour co-ordinated lotion and potion bottles can spruce up the whole room. Give it a go and see. However, if you have panels falling away from your bath, or the shower tray is broken, or your tiles are really, really dated, you know you need a new bathroom. Why not just get it done in time for Christmas?

A new bathroom with a fixed shower screen, a stone shower tray (which will not crack) and minimalistic, easy-clean sanitaryware will be almost heavenly to use around Christmas time; you can bathe the dog without worrying about scrubbing at mud stains for hours afterwards; the kids can splash as much water as they like without making your new Karndean floor slippery; and of course, at the end of a long day, you can have a relaxing soak in a lovely, new, clean bathroom.




[Source:- greenstone-kbb]


Photo features Retro Rounds in Saddle Brown on the wall.

Taking bathroom remodel ideas from a picture in your mind (or magazine) and bringing them to life can be a challenge. Just finding the perfect paint or floor tile can take months of searching or sample testing. When you finally find “the one” and fall in love with a design element, you might wish you could use it throughout your entire home. Luckily, you can—to some extent. The idea of design consistency is what allows you to carry the same colors, fabrics, and textures from room to room, and this can be accomplished between full and half bathrooms.

Consistency Is Key

Consistency is important to design, and it’s one way to infuse your unique personality into your home. Using similar wood tones, such as dark bamboo-look tile flooring, in your kitchen and dining room projects a better sense of your style than switching between dark and light woods. And placing the same flooring in similar rooms, such as a full bathroom and half bathroom, also makes your home appear more uniform.


You don’t want your home’s design to lack variety, but instead maintain a certain basic style from room to room. When you find materials and items that perfectly combine form and function for your bathroom design, you can use them to set the overall mood of your home, whether it’s relaxed and comfortable, natural, or elegant.

Bathroom Floors Should Be Uniform

If you choose to use tile flooring in your bathrooms, you’ll find many options that promote consistency without the need to match perfectly. When using the same tile in both a full and a half bath, for example, you can choose tile from the same series that varies in size or shape.

Try to opt for a more elaborate tile pattern in the full bathroom, and then lay the same tiles in a straightforward linear design for a simpler effect in your smaller half bath. You can also go with large-format tile for a bigger full bath and a smaller variation for half baths. And for added versatility, choose a cool neutral tile—perhaps one with veining that emulates the rich look of marble.

Mosaic Backsplashes Should Go Together

Rather than choosing different tile for each backsplash, which could end up competing with each other, consider using the same style in your bathrooms, but with minor tweaks. For example, try using mosaic tile to create a full accent wall behind a soaking tub in your full bath, and then use the same tile as a backsplash in your half bathroom. If you love the iridescent beauty of glass tile, for example, a modern mosaic can help you make an eye-catching statement in both your full and half baths.


Tile Accents Help Promote Consistency

Accent tiles provide another opportunity to maintain design consistency in your home. These finishing touches should maintain the same basic style in different rooms, even if you choose different colors or patterns. For instance, if you love the clean, crisp look of white in a bathroom, but worry about winding up with an overly stark design, work in color by adding a tile accent border or chair rail to the space. And for an ultramodern look, use large-format floor and wall tiles scattered around the bath or vanity, or break up a tile backsplash with a row of stone and glass blend mosaic accent tile.

As you sift through bathroom remodel ideas, certain designs or colors most likely stay in your mind. These preferred styles form your personal design profile, which can be carried throughout your home for a consistent look. Staying consistent and true to yourself when you remodel your bathrooms will result in designs you truly love.



[Source: Daltile]


Photo features Crema Vein-Cut 12 x 24 field tile on the wall and Crema Cross-Cut 12 x 12 field tile on the floor.

A neutral bathroom remodel will stand the test of time and boost resale potential—especially when you embrace bright ideas and attractive finishes that appeal to the masses. But why not consider smart, neutral bathroom remodel ideas even if you don’t plan to list your home soon? A classically elegant bathroom is a pleasant setting for quick daily scrubs or luxurious soaks, and by opting for rich, widely accepted colors and materials, your finished project will be loved by many. The following design tips will help you start planning your neutral bathroom remodel.

Design Your Bathroom From the Floor Up

With any bathroom remodel, you need somewhere to start, and typically, it’s a good idea to start with the flooring. Think of the floor as a stage on which you will showcase all other elements—whether they include a modern pedestal tub, a glorious tile shower, or a vintage dresser that’s been retrofitted into a vanity. Neutral flooring will work well with almost any vanity, faucets and fixtures, and wall color—regardless of what’s in style today and what’s popular years from now. If you’re going for a rustic theme, flooring ideas include wood-look tile, which is ideal for high-moisture areas. Or consider off-white, beige, or gray textured glazed ceramic tile if you’re planning a modern spa or minimalist design. Neutral, quality bathroom flooring is far from boring—especially when you install it diagonally or in a brick, Versailles, or pinwheel pattern.


Go with a Neutral Backdrop

Once you choose your flooring, start to consider how you can make your bathroom walls stand out while remaining neutral. Typical bathroom walls consist of the area around the mirror, the backsplash, tub surround, and shower stall, so choose to highlight one—or more—of these areas. Try adding classic white, beige, or gray wall tiles, which will blend with neutral fixtures, resist moisture, and appeal to most future homebuyers. A neutral backdrop will let you change the colors of your accessories to appease trends without a major overhaul. With an array of wall tiles to mix and match, and patterns to choose from, stylish, yet neutral, results are easily achievable.

Keep the Space Light and Bright

Poorly lit bathrooms cause all sorts of problems for neutral color palettes. Try opting for full-spectrum or daylight bulbs in order to emit clean light that will help the natural beauty of the space shine. Reflect light from every bulb and window with large mirrors and gleaming neutral glass tile. When choosing tile, use the warm-with-warm and cool-with-cool rule. Warm gold or bronze hues will suit warm cream, beige, honey, or reddish-brown bathrooms, while cool silver or chrome hues will complement white, gray, barely green, or watery blue spaces.

Neutral bathroom remodel ideas don’t come easy to everyone, but with technology comes the ability to visualize your space as it would appear in various finishes. For example, picture your bathroom with new granite or slate flooring, an ageless white subway-tile shower surround, and a modern mosaic backsplash by using the Tile and Stone Visualizer. Upload a photo of your bathroom, and then try out your favorite options with the interactive features. You’ll come up with the perfect neutral design in no time.



[Source: Daltile]


Photo features Zen Garden, Tones 13 x 20 field tile bordered by Pearl, Solid 13 x 20 field tile on the floor. Wall features Zen Garden, Tones 6-1/2 x 20 field tile and Pearl, Solid 6-1/2 x 6-1/2.

With so many tile designs and colors available, updating your bathroom flooring should be a snap. However, smaller rooms can actually pose larger challenges—especially if you want to make the space appear bigger and brighter. Although the idea of using large-format flooring in small living spaces may seem counterintuitive, bigger tiles with finer grout lines work to make a room appear larger. Here are some popular large-format tile ideas for small bathrooms.


Consider a Matte Finish

Large-format flooring is a relatively recent tile trend that can be further modernized with stylish colors and finishes. When you pair the clean lines of larger tiles in a matte finish with a matching grout color, the result is a simple, uniform appearance that causes minimal distraction. Matte finishes work best in spaces where you prefer a more subtle design without the high reflection of a polished tile.

Many contemporary products also feature what’s known as Tru-Edge technology, which allows tiles to be placed closer together and minimizes the size of grout lines. This overall look enhances the flow of the bathroom, and makes the small space feel larger than it actually is.

Go with Oversized Planks

Wood-look tile is another small bathroom flooring choice that’s available in large, wide-plank sizes. Aside from elongating a room, these linear planks, which feature digitally imaged wood-grain patterns, add warmth and texture to any small space. Wood-look tile also provides an attractive alternative for areas where you prefer the look of wood over traditional tile, but still want the practicalities of porcelain.

Like many other large-format options, wide-plank wood-look tiles are also designed to minimize grout lines, further increasing the similarity to actual hardwood and elongating the space. To brighten up your small space, go with alighter shade of wood-look tile.

Choose Large-Format, Stone-Look Tile

Whether your bathroom serves as a space for guests to freshen up or it’s where you relax at the end of a long day, stone-look tile is a great flooring option. And if your space is on the smaller side, large-format stone-look tile can give help add an airy, open feel, while still looking sophisticated and timeless.

Stone-look tile is made of porcelain, but offers the signature look of stone. It’s resistant to water and is available in a variety of sizes. A perfect example is the Linden Point series, which offers a stunning representation of vein-cut marble. This line has a modern look that adds gentle, but rich texture to a small space.

Having a small bathroom doesn’t mean you need to use small tiles. In fact, large-format tile is the perfect design element for making your space feel larger than it really is. When choosing your large-format tile, think outside of the box, and then carefully choose the color and finish of your new bathroom floor. You’ll be amazed at how spacious and contemporary your small bathroom looks.



[Source: Daltile]


Features Exquisite porcelain tile

If you’ve lived with an outdated bathroom for years, starting a long-awaited remodeling project can be an exciting step. You can make your bathroom an elegant, modern space that is not only used for practical purposes, but also for relaxation. By mimicking a luxury spa or even a rustic vacation cottage, you can create a serene environment you will enjoy for years to come. With a stylish tile that complements your surrounding decor, you can create a bathroom that’s truly unique. Here are a few bathroom tile ideas to help inspire your next project.

Experiment with Different Sizes, Shapes, Textures

Rather than using a traditional 12 x 12 or 6 x 6 inch square tile, incorporate unique tile patterns and sizes into your bathroom design. Large porcelain tile, for example, can be made using the latest imaging techniques for an incredibly realistic interpretation of stone. You can use this style of tile in varying sizes on both the floors and walls for a sleek, realistic look.


Smaller glass mosaic tiles can be mixed in with neutral tiles to brighten up your bathroom. They will help to add depth to your design, and the unique colors will make the space appealing to the eye. In addition, you can use glass mosaic tiles to add an attractive backsplash behind your vanity or sink.

Another option is to incorporate porcelain tile that looks like wood into your bathroom floor. These tiles offer the warmth and natural look of hardwood floors, but with easier upkeep and greater resistance to moisture. You can opt for a stained-look finish or go with a natural look to make your space feel more rustic.

If you prefer a classic style with a modern twist, incorporate geometric-shaped tile into your bathroom. This tile looks great on the floor, backsplash, or even as an accent within your shower. You can get creative with geometric tiles and create a design that is truly original.


Keep Water Resistance in Mind

When choosing tiles, keep in mind the amount of humidity and water that’s present in your bathroom. Ceramic and porcelain tiles are always great choices for bathroom flooring because they are extremely water resistant. With today’srange of water-resistant styles, there is plenty of room to have a stylish and durable design.

Go Natural with Travertine

If you love the authentic look of natural stone, travertine is a great choice for your bathroom. This stone tile will last for a long time and comes in a wide range of colors to match almost any decor. Travertine can also be sealed to resist water infiltration, and is relatively easy to care for.

Incorporate Tile Accents

To elevate the grandeur of a small bathroom, opt for the same color scheme on both the walls and floor. Salerno™ ceramic tile, which is a great option for both walls and floors, provides a neutral backdrop that you can dress up with more ornate accent tiles. To jazz up a neutral pattern, for example, add a row of accent tiles to define the space around your bathtub or shower.


As overall bathroom design has evolved to become more chic and modern, floor tiles have also changed. Today’s bathroom tile options are available in a wide range of materials, colors, and styles. If you’re starting a bathroom remodel, visit a Daltile design gallery to find more bathroom tile ideas and check out the wide array of options available.



[Source: Daltile]

How to plan the perfect bathroom design

Whether you want a sanctuary or a wow factor space, these essential bathroom design ideas will set you on the right track.




Draw up a wish list of all the things you want from your space. Use online resources 
to see what’s new and what you can afford. But there’s no substitute for visiting a showroom, where you can see and touch the ceramics, furniture and worktops, and see lighting, taps and showers being used.


  • Once you know what you want, make a rough pencil sketch of the room and where you’d like to place things. Don’t forget you need space to move around the room – allow 100cm in front of a bath and 70cm in front of the loo.
  • A key factor that always affects the bathroom design is the position of the plumbing, especially the soil pipe, which needs a short, straight run. In an existing scheme this may limit the layout options unless you want to spend a lot of money moving it. Even if you’re converting another room into 
a bathroom, there could be constraints on where the soil and water pipes can go. In both cases, it’s always best to take your sketch to a designer early on for advice, before you set your heart on a particular look.
  • Once you’ve measured up, use an online planning tool to check if your bathroom design will work. For instance, Ideal Standard’s 3D bathroom planner will create a virtual view of the room.
  • When setting your budget, include tiles, flooring, lighting and furniture, and add around 10 per cent for contingencies.
  • Invest in new technology. With low-energy LED lighting and wireless Bluetooth speakers streaming music, the bathroom has become a place to linger at the end of a long day.



  • For a spacious look, select semi-recessed basins and wall-hung loos – look out for ‘short- projection’ fittings that don’t intrude so far into the room.
  • Using a run of slim-depth fitted furniture paired with a semi-countertop basin can give a small room a very streamlined look and is incredibly space-efficient.
  • If you fancy a wet room but don’t have the space, a good alternative is a low-level tray surrounded by a frameless enclosure or panel, creating a walk-through or walk-in shower for a barely there look.

[Source:- HB]

This small traditional bathroom is big on wow factor!


A small unused bedroom has been transformed into a stunning traditional bathroom with an unusual and theatrical scheme.

Tash Hazelton and her boyfriend Joe Neville bought their four-bedroom Victorian terrace in Reigate, Surrey as a long-term renovation project. The three-storey house had just a tiny shower room and WC on the first floor, so they sacrificed the smallest bedroom to create a bathroom.




Yes, but we both felt that the house would benefit from it. With a lot of period properties, the kitchens and bathrooms can feel as though they’re an afterthought. Here there were four bedrooms but only one loo. Swapping a bedroom for a bathroom made the house feel more workable and balanced.




I wanted something smooth and sleek. I’ve never really liked tiled walls with lots of grouting. On a recommendation, we employed local interior designer and fitter Jamie Goodman. Jamie suggested we go for Venetian plaster, a type of highly polished plaster he specialises in. It has a wonderful marble effect and is available in lots of colours. We eventually agreed on dark grey to add drama, and a high-gloss finish. It was applied in five coats, then sealed and waxed to protect it.



French, chic and a little decadent. I wanted it to appeal to both sexes, feel sumptuous and be a pleasure to be in, but on a practical level be easy to look after. The bateau bath is a classic shape but with softly rounded curves to echo the console basin I found in Fired Earth. I thought that anything too ornate would fight with the marble-effect walls.



Any initial doubts soon disappeared when we saw the scheme coming together. It feels as though it’s always been a bathroom and visitors are surprised to find out it was once a bedroom. The room has just the right mix of luxury and functionality. I love the marbled walls and I’m now thinking of having a paler, more natural version in our kitchen.



  • Sanitaryware….. £2,420
  • Brassware….. £630
  • Walls….. £1,400
  • Floor….. £570
  • Towel radiator….. £240
  • Shutters….. £1,160
  • TOTAL….. £6,420

[Source:- HB]

7 spa-style bathroom storage solutions


Clever bathroom storage solutions will help you to create your very own relaxing spa in even the smallest of rooms.

1. On display


Imagine your bathroom is like one in a smart hotel and dispose of anything that doesn’t fit with the image. Use beautiful jars and lovely boxes to keep small items tidy. Glass apothecary jars are great for storing cotton buds and soaps.

2. Less is more

A bathroom can be decluttered in a day and, says Rachel Papworth of Green and Tidy, the priority should be to remove everything that doesn’t belong there. She also advises ‘limiting the number of potions and lotions you have on display to one of each type.’

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3. Beautiful boxes

You may want to have cleaning materials such as shower spray and antibacterial wipes close to hand, but they can look messy. If you don’t have anywhere to store them out of sight, invest in wicker, porcelain or leather boxes so they don’t ruin the spa-like feel of the room.

4. Exploit every inch

Make the most of those awkward spaces. Use the wall above the loo for shelving and think about building storage under the basin and bath. Even a small space at the end of the bath can be converted into a useful cupboard.

5. On the wall


Use the walls for towel storage. A sleek heated towel rail helps towels dry quickly and keeps them off the floor. Similarly, a ladder-style rack allows for more towels to hang and dry while using less floor space. Use open shelving for spare towels so they’re to hand and easy to find.

6. Double up

If you’re redecorating your bathroom, consider reorganising the layout to make it easier to have more than one person using the bathroom. Chic twin mirror cabinets above twin basins mean you can apply your make-up while your partner’s shaving or children are brushing their teeth.

7. Inset shelves

Can you use the space behind a wall? As plumbing usually lives behind stud partition walls, your bathroom may conceal an untapped storage resource. ‘Put in some recessed shelves for soap and shampoo in the shower, and more nearby for towels,’ says interior designer Georgina Gibson of Georgina Gibson Interior Design. Also use the stud wall above the basin to recess a shaving cabinet, and the space next to the loo for brushes and spare loo rolls.


[Source:- Housebeautiful]